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PLATO: Plagiarism Teaching Online

Glossary: P

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Paraphrase

A restatement of a piece of text or a speech using different words to clarify the meaning of the original.

Plagiarism

The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (1944, third edition) defines plagiarism as: "The taking and using as one’s own of the thoughts, writings or inventions of another." Plagiarism is an attempt to deceive the tutor or examiner that what you have submitted is your own work when it is not. It does not matter whether you have the permission of the person you are plagiarising or not. To copy from a book, website or a fellow student, or the work of a student in a previous year, and pass it off as your own work, is plagiarism. Plagiarism is cheating. It can also be a breach of the law of Copyright, and thus an illegal act. There are severe penalties for plagiarism in Further and Higher Education and it is regarded as an academic offence.
You can avoid accusations of plagiarism provided that you acknowledge when you are borrowing from the work of another, using the Harvard System of in-text citation plus full reference in the References section of your work.

Précis

A précis is a summary or an abstract of a text or speech.