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PLATO: Plagiarism Teaching Online

Glossary: H

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Harvard System

The Harvard system of referencing is a system not a referencing style. The system uses an in-text citation of an author mentioned or quoted in a piece of writing eg
Smith R., 1972, p44). In this example the in-text citation would refer to a full reference at the end, in a Bibliography or References section eg
Smith R, 1972, Plagiarism is Cheating. Birmingham: Dodgy Publications.

The referencing style is the way the full reference is written - the order of the pieces of information, use of bold or italics, punctuation. You will find many different styles used within the Harvard system. What matters is consistency of style for all the references in a piece of writing. To ensure that this style meets the requirements of your course please ask your lecturer.