Style Issues: Page Numbers: Citations

It is important that you give page numbers in in-text citations whenever you are quoting or paraphrasing from particular pages in the source.

To enable any reader to find the precise text you are referring to in the given source. If you are making a general remark about an author's work, and there is no particularly relevant page number that supports the remark, then page numbers are not necessary.

For example:

Bertrand Russell wrote a particularly impressive history of western philosophy (Russell, 1961).

If there are no page numbers (as in some electronic sources) you can give a paragraph number if available or count the paragraphs from the preceding section heading eg Conclusion, paragraph 5.